Clinical symptoms and management of acute poisoning of Caustics – Alkali: Alkalis commonly encountered in poisoning include ammonia (usually in the form of ammonium hydroxide), carbonates of sodium and potassium, and hydroxides of sodium, potassium, and calcium. Sodium hypochlorite is also increasingly being implicated. Most of these occur as white powders or colourless solutions. Ammonia gas is colourless with a pungent, choking odour.
This topic describes: Uses, Mechanism, Clinical (Toxic) Symptoms, Investigations/Diagnosis and Management of acute poisoning of Caustics – Alkali.