Toxicology is the study of how natural or man-made poisons which cause undesirable effects in living organisms. Clinical Toxicology is concerned with diseases and illnesses associated with short term or long term exposure to toxic chemicals. Clinical toxicologists include emergency room physicians who must be familiar with the symptoms associated with exposure to a wide variety of toxic substances in order to administer the appropriate treatment. General principles management of poisoning.
This topic covers: Types of presentation of poisoning, Toxic Effects, Toxic Syndromes and types, Differential diagnosis, General Management of Poisoning – Stabilizations, Evaluation, Decontamination, Poison Elimination, Antidote Administration and Nursing And Psychiatric Care. Depression of Central Nervous System, Management of Respiratory insufficiency, Circulatory Failure, Cardiac Arrhythmias, CNS Depression, Hypothermia, Hyperthermia, Acid-Base Disorders, Treatment of metabolic acidosis, Convulsions, Agitation, Movement Disorders, Myasthenic crisis and Electrolyte Disturbances – Hyperkalaemia, Hypokalaemia, Hypernatraemia, Hyponatraemia and 5. Hypocalcaemia.