Research methodology is a way to systematically solve the research problem. It may be understood as a science of studying how research is done scientifically. In it we study the various steps that are generally adopted by a researcher in studying his research problem along with the logic behind them. It is necessary for the researcher to know not only the research methods/techniques but also the methodology.
This topic covers: Formulating the research problem, Extensive literature survey, Development of working hypotheses, Preparing the research design, Determining sample design, Collecting the data, Execution of the project, Analysis of data, Hypothesis-testing, Generalisations and interpretation,Preparation of the report or the thesis, List of Elements in a clinical study protocol, Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria and Carryover Effect.